is the second part of protein synthesis and occurs at the ribosomes (click here for more deatiled info on transcription and translation)
. In translation, m-RNA sontaining the genetic info from the nucleus is brought out to the cytoplasm. The ribosomes attach to the m-RNA and move along it. As it moves along, three of the nucleotides (known as a codon) are read by the ribosome. T-RNA in the cytoplasm has three complementary bases (known as the anticodon) and brings to the ribosome an amino acid. The ribosome has two sites. The P-site and A-site. The P-site, holds the growing protein chain. The A-site recieves the newly brought in amino acid. Thus, in this way, our genetic info is translated into a protein chain.